Impaired Production and Diurnal Regulation of Vascular RvDn-3 DPA Increase Systemic Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease.
855 - 863
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RATIONALE: Diurnal mechanisms are central to regulating host responses. Recent studies uncovered a novel family of mediators termed as specialized proresolving mediators that terminate inflammation without interfering with the immune response. OBJECTIVE: Herein, we investigated the diurnal regulation of specialized proresolving mediators in humans and their role in controlling peripheral blood leukocyte and platelet activation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using lipid mediator profiling and healthy volunteers, we found that plasma concentrations of n-3 docosapentaenoic acid-derived D-series resolvins (RvDn-3 DPA) were regulated in a diurnal manner. The production and regulation of these mediators was markedly altered in patients at risk of myocardial infarct. These changes were associated with decreased 5-lipoxygenase expression and activity, as well as increased systemic adenosine concentrations. We also found a significant negative correlation between plasma RvDn-3 DPA and markers of platelet, monocyte, and neutrophil activation, including CD63 and CD11b. Incubation of RvDn-3 DPA with peripheral blood from healthy volunteers and patients with cardiovascular disease significantly and dose-dependently decreased platelet and leukocyte activation. Furthermore, administration of RvD5n-3 DPA to ApoE-/- (apolipoprotein E deficient) mice significantly reduced platelet-leukocyte aggregates, vascular thromboxane B2 concentrations, and aortic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that peripheral blood RvDn-3 DPA are diurnally regulated in humans, and dysregulation in the production of these mediators may lead to cardiovascular disease.
AuthorsColas, RA; Souza, PR; Walker, ME; Burton, M; Zasłona, Z; Curtis, AM; Marques, RM; Dalli, J
- Cardiovascular