Twenty-eight day safety, antiviral activity, and pharmacokinetics of tenofovir alafenamide for treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection.
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BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tenofovir alafenamide, a phosphonate prodrug of tenofovir with greater plasma stability than tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, provides efficient delivery of active drug to hepatocytes at reduced systemic tenofovir exposures. METHODS: Non-cirrhotic, treatment-naïve subjects with chronic hepatitis B were randomized (1:1:1:1:1) to receive tenofovir alafenamide 8, 25, 40, or 120 mg, or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg for 28 days and assessed for safety, antiviral response, and pharmacokinetics, followed-up by off-treatment for 4 weeks. RESULTS: 51 subjects were randomized and all completed study treatment. Groups were generally well matched (67% male, 57% Asian, 53% HBeAg-negative, mean HBV DNA approximately 6.0 log10 IU/ml) with HBV genotypes reflective of the population. No subject experienced an adverse event that was serious or severe (grade 3/4). Across the tenofovir alafenamide groups, similar mean changes in serum HBV DNA were found at Week 4 (-2.81, -2.55, -2.19, and -2.76 log10 IU/ml for the 8, 25, 40, and 120 mg groups, respectively) which were also comparable to the control (-2.68 log10 IU/ml for tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg). Kinetics of viral decline were also similar among groups. Tenofovir alafenamide pharmacokinetics were linear and proportional to the dose; doses⩽25 mg were associated with ⩾92% reductions in mean tenofovir area under the curve relative to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg. CONCLUSIONS: Tenofovir alafenamide was safe and well tolerated; declines in HBV DNA were similar to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate at all doses evaluated. Tenofovir alafenamide 25 mg has been selected for further hepatitis B clinical development.
AuthorsAgarwal, K; Fung, SK; Nguyen, TT; Cheng, W; Sicard, E; Ryder, SD; Flaherty, JF; Lawson, E; Zhao, S; Subramanian, GM
- Centre for Immunobiology