## Critical Hardy inequalities

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Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae. Mathematica

##### ISSN

1239-629X

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We prove a range of critical Hardy inequalities and uncertainty type principles on one of most general subclasses of nilpotent Lie groups, namely the class of homogeneous groups. Moreover, we establish a new type of critical Hardy inequality and prove Hardy-Sobolev type inequalities. Most of the obtained estimates are new already for the case of $\mathbb R^{n}$. For example, for any $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n}\backslash\{0\})$ our results imply the range of critical Hardy inequalities of the form $$\qquad \underset{R>0}{\sup}\left\|\frac{f-f_{R}}{|x|^{\frac{n}{p}}{\log}\frac{R}{|x|}}\right\|_{L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})}\leq \frac{p}{p-1}\left\| \frac{1}{|x|^{\frac{n}{p}-1}} \nabla f\right\|_{L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})},\quad 1<p<\infty,$$ where $f_{R}=f(R\frac{x}{|x|})$, with sharp constant $\frac{p}{p-1}$, recovering the known cases of $p=n$ and $p=2$. Moreover, our results also imply a new type of a critical Hardy inequality of the form $$\left\|\frac{f}{|x|}\right\|_{L^{n}(\mathbb{R}^{n})}\leq n\left\|(\log|x|)\nabla f\right\|_{L^{n}\mathbb{R}^{n})}, $$ for all $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n}\backslash\{0\}),$ where the constant $n$ is sharp. However, homogeneous groups provide a perfect degree of generality to talk about such estimates without using specific properties of $\mathbb R^n$ or of the Euclidean distance.

##### Authors

Ruzhansky, M; Suragan, D##### Collections

- Mathematics [481]