Regulation of human intestinal T-cell responses by type 1 interferon-STAT1 signaling is disrupted in inflammatory bowel disease.
Type 1 interferon (IFN-1) promotes regulatory T-cell function to suppress inflammation in the mouse intestine, but little is known about IFN-1 in the human gut. We therefore assessed the influence of IFN-1 on CD4+ T-cells isolated from human colon tissue obtained from healthy controls or patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Immunofluorescent imaging revealed constitutive expression of IFNβ in human intestinal tissue, and colonic T-cells were responsive to exogenous IFN-1 as assessed by phosphorylation of signal transduction and activator of transcription 1 (pSTAT1) and induction of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs). Unlike their blood counterparts, intestinal T-cells from non-inflamed regions of IBD colon displayed enhanced responsiveness to IFN-1, increased frequency of pSTAT1+ cells, and greater induction of ISGs upon IFN-1 exposure in vitro. In healthy tissue, antibody neutralization of IFNβ selectively reduced T-cell production of the pro-regulatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) and increased IFNγ synthesis. In contrast, neutralization of IFNβ in IBD tissue cultures increased the frequency of T-cells producing inflammatory cytokines but did not alter IL-10 expression. These data support a role for endogenous IFN-1 as a context-dependent modulator of T-cell function that promotes regulatory activity in healthy human intestine, but indicate that the IFN-1/STAT1 pathway is dysregulated in inflammatory bowel disease.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication, 25 May 2016; doi:10.1038/mi.2016.44.
AuthorsGiles, EM; Sanders, TJ; McCarthy, NE; Lung, J; Pathak, M; MacDonald, TT; Lindsay, JO; Stagg, AJ
- Immune Systems