Regulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) protein expression by MiR-34a in sporadic somatotropinomas.
e0117107 - ?
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INTRODUCTION: Patients with germline AIP mutations or low AIP protein expression have large, invasive somatotroph adenomas and poor response to somatostatin analogues (SSA). METHODS: To study the mechanism of low AIP protein expression 31 sporadic somatotropinomas with low (n = 13) or high (n = 18) AIP protein expression were analyzed for expression of AIP messenger RNA (mRNA) and 11 microRNAs (miRNAs) predicted to bind the 3'UTR of AIP. Luciferase reporter assays of wild-type and deletion constructs of AIP-3'UTR were used to study the effect of the selected miRNAs in GH3 cells. Endogenous AIP protein and mRNA levels were measured after miRNA over- and underexpression in HEK293 and GH3 cells. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in AIP mRNA expression between tumors with low or high AIP protein expression suggesting post-transcriptional regulation. miR-34a was highly expressed in low AIP protein samples compared high AIP protein adenomas and miR-34a levels were inversely correlated with response to SSA therapy. miR-34a inhibited the luciferase-AIP-3'UTR construct, suggesting that miR-34a binds to AIP-3'UTR. Deletion mutants of the 3 different predicted binding sites in AIP-3'UTR identified the c.*6-30 site to be involved in miR-34a's activity. miR-34a overexpression in HEK293 and GH3 cells resulted in inhibition of endogenous AIP protein expression. CONCLUSION: Low AIP protein expression is associated with high miR-34a expression. miR-34a can down-regulate AIP-protein but not RNA expression in vitro. miR-34a is a negative regulator of AIP-protein expression and could be responsible for the low AIP expression observed in somatotropinomas with an invasive phenotype and resistance to SSA.
AuthorsDénes, J; Kasuki, L; Trivellin, G; Colli, LM; Takiya, CM; Stiles, CE; Barry, S; de Castro, M; Gadelha, MR; Korbonits, M
- Endocrinology