Objective localisation of oral mucosal lesions using optical coherence tomography.
Identification of the most representative location for biopsy is critical in establishing the definitive diagnosis of oral mucosal lesions. Currently, this process involves visual evaluation of the colour characteristics of tissue aided by topical application of contrast enhancing agents. Although, this approach is widely practiced, it remains limited by its lack of objectivity in identifying and delineating suspicious areas for biopsy. To overcome this drawback there is a need to introduce a technique that would provide macroscopic guidance based on microscopic imaging and analysis. Optical Coherence Tomography is an emerging high resolution biomedical imaging modality that can potentially be used as an in vivo tool for selection of the most appropriate site for biopsy. This thesis investigates the use of OCT for qualitative and quantitative mapping of oral mucosal lesions. Feasibility studies were performed on patient biopsy samples prior to histopathological processing using a commercial OCT microscope. Qualitative imaging results examining a variety of normal, benign, inflammatory and premalignant lesions of the oral mucosa will be presented. Furthermore, the identification and utilisation of a common quantifiable parameter in OCT and histology of images of normal and dysplastic oral epithelium will be explored thus ensuring objective and reproducible mapping of the progression of oral carcinogenesis. Finally, the selection of the most representative biopsy site of oral epithelial dysplasia would be investigated using a novel approach, scattering attenuation microscopy. It is hoped this approach may help convey more clinical meaning than the conventional visualisation of OCT images.
AuthorsAdegun, Oluyori Kutulola
- Theses