Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors use and outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST elevation myocardial infarction.
643981 - ?
Biomed Res Int
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AIMS: We investigate the effect of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa) inhibitors on long-term outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Meta-analyses indicate that these agents are associated with improved short-term outcomes. However, many trials were undertaken before the routine use of P2Y12 inhibitors. Recent studies yield conflicting results and registry data have suggested that GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors may cause more bleeding than what trials indicate. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective observational study involves 3047 patients receiving dual-antiplatelet therapy who underwent PCI for NSTEMI. Primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were a secondary outcome. Mean follow-up was 4.6 years. Patients treated with GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors were younger with fewer comorbidities. Although the unadjusted Kaplan-Meier analysis suggested that GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use was associated with improved outcomes, multivariate analysis (including propensity scoring) showed no benefit for either survival (P = 0.136) or MACE (P = 0.614). GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Although GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use appeared to improve outcomes after PCI for NSTEMI, patients who received GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors tended to be at lower risk. After multivariate adjustment we observed no improvement in MACE or survival and an increased risk of major bleeding.
AuthorsHoward, JP; Jones, DA; Gallagher, S; Rathod, K; Antoniou, S; Wright, P; Knight, C; Mathur, A; Weerackody, R; Wragg, A
- College Publications