Energy-angle domain initial access and beam tracking in millimeter wave V2X communications
9340 - 9350
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With plentiful spectrum resources, millimeter-wave (mmWave) band has been the forefront candidate to enable the requirements of lower latency and faster data rate for future automotive systems. However, the incorporation of mmWave directional transmission and diversely vehicular mobility triggers frequent beam realignment, thus largely increasing the beamforming overhead and leaving less time for data transmission. In this paper, an energy-angle domain access and transmission frame structure is investigated for mmWave vehicle-to-everything communications, which consists of two phases, initial access and data transmission. Considering the transmission interruption issue caused by blockage, we propose an energy-angle domain initial access scheme, by which the signals are labeled by different directions with multi-power level. Several performance metrics are subsequently obtained to evaluate the proposed scheme. Next, we formulate the access time-throughput tradeoff problem mathematically and prove that there indeed exists the optimal access time which yields the highest throughput for data transmission. Moreover, a binary-decision beam tracking scheme is designed to maintain the directional link connection in the data transmission phase. Numerical evaluations and simulations have been conducted to verify the correctness of our point of view and the superiority of our proposed methods.