Longitudinal Clinical Performance of the RNA-Based Aptima Human Papillomavirus (AHPV) Assay in Comparison to the DNA-Based Hybrid Capture 2 HPV Test in Two Consecutive Screening Rounds with a 6-Year Interval in Germany.
J Clin Microbiol
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Longitudinal data on the E6/E7 mRNA-based Aptima human papillomavirus (AHPV) assay exceeding three years in comparison to the gold standard Digene Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) test are not available. We previously reported the cross-sectional data of the German AHPV Screening Trial (GAST) in which 10,040 women were recruited and tested by liquid-based cytology, the HC2 assay, and the AHPV assay. Four hundred eleven test-positive women were followed for up to six years. In addition, 3,295 triple-negative women were screened after a median time of six years. Overall, 28 high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN3) cases were detected. The absolute risk of developing high-risk HPV-positive CIN3+ over six years among those women that tested negative at baseline was 2.2 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.0 to 4.9) and 3.1 (95% CI, 1.7 to 5.7) per 1,000 women screened by the HC2 and the AHPV tests; the additional risk for those with AHPV-negative compared with HC2-negative results was 0.9 (95% CI, -0.2 to 2.1) per 1,000. In comparison, the absolute risk following a negative LBC test was 9.3 (95% CI, 2.9 to 30.2). The relative sensitivity of AHPV compared to HC2 was 91.5% for CIN3+, and the negative predictive values were 99.8% (95% CI, 99.5 to 99.9%) for HC2 and 99.7% (95% CI, 99.4 to 99.8%) for AHPV. Our data show that the longitudinal performance of the AHPV test over six years is comparable to the performance of the HC2 test and that the absolute risk of CIN3+ over six years following a negative AHPV result in a screening population is low. (This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration number NCT02634190.).