Design of a Multi-mode UWB Antenna Using Characteristic Mode Analysis
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
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In this communication, a low-profile ultra-wide band (UWB) antenna is designed, fabricated and measured for TV white space devices (TVWSDs). Starting from a simple annular ring, the proposed design procedure is guided by the characteristic mode analysis (CMA). Firstly, a closed-form estimation to the resonant frequencies of the first two characteristic modes for the annular ring structure are provided. Then the annular ring is modified to introduce more characteristic modes resonating within the interested spectrum. To excite these modes and to achieve a wideband antenna covering the whole ultra-high frequency (UHF) TV spectrum, the feeding structure is also carefully designed and refined. Finally, a prototype is fabricated and measured to verify its UWB performance, and radiation patterns at different frequencies are presented to prove the switching of dominating resonating modes. The analyses and performance evaluation show that the proposed antenna is a strong contender to be used for TVWSDs. Furthermore, thanks to the simplicity of tuning and controlling modal resonant frequencies, this procedure can be flexibly applied to various antenna designs.