Distributed Compressive Sensing Augmented Wideband Spectrum Sharing for Cognitive IoT
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
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IEEE The increasing number of Internet of things (IoT) objects has been a growing challenge of the current spectrum supply. To handle this issue, the IoT devices should have cognitive capabilities to access the unoccupied portion of the wideband spectrum. However, most IoT devices are difficult to perform wideband spectrum sensing using either conventional Nyquist sampling system or sub-Nyquist sampling system since both the power-hungry sampling components and intricate sub-Nyquist sampling hardware are unrealistic in the power-constrained IoT paradigm. In this paper, we propose a blind joint sub-Nyquist sensing scheme by utilizing the surround IoT devices to jointly sample the spectrum based on the multi-coset sampling theory. Thus, only the off-the-shelf low-rate analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) on the IoT devices are required to form coset samplers and only the minimum number of coset samplers are adopted without the prior knowledge of the number of occupied channels and signal-to-noise ratios. Moreover, to further reduce the number of coset samplers and transfer part of the computational burden from the IoT devices to the core network, we adopt the data from geo-location database when applicable. The experimental results on both the simulated and real-world signals verify the theoretical results and the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. At the meanwhile, it is shown that the adaptive number of coset samplers could be adopted without causing the degradation of the detection performance and the number of coset samplers could be further reduced with the assists from geo-location database even when the obtained information is partially correct.