Radio resource allocation in relay based OFDMA cellular networks
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Adding relay stations (RS) between the base station (BS) and the mobile stations (MS) in a cellular system can extend network coverage, overcome multi-path fading and increase the capacity of the system. This thesis considers the radio resource allocation scheme in relay based cellular networks to ensure high-speed and reliable communication. The goal of this research is to investigate user fairness, system throughput and power consumption in wireless relay networks through considering how best to manage the radio resource. This thesis proposes a two-hop proportional fairness (THPF) scheduling scheme fair allocation, which is considered both in the first time subslot between direct link users and relay stations, and the second time subslot among relay link users. A load based relay selection algorithm is also proposed for a fair resource allocation. The transmission mode (direct transmission mode or relay transmission mode) of each user will be adjusted based on the load of the transmission node. Power allocation is very important for resource efficiency and system performance improvement and this thesis proposes a two-hop power allocation algorithm for energy efficiency, which adjusts the transmission power of the BS and RSs to make the data rate on the two hop links of one RS match each other. The power allocation problem of multiple cells with inter-cell interference is studied. A new multi-cell power allocation scheme is proposed from non-cooperative game theory; this coordinates the inter-cell interference and operates in a distributed manner. The utility function can be designed for throughput improvement and user fairness respectively. Finally, the proposed algorithms in this thesis are combined, and the system performance is evaluated. The joint radio resource allocation algorithm can achieve a very good tradeoff between throughput and user fairness, and also can significantly improve energy efficiency.
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