Recent Advances in Zero-Shot Recognition: Toward Data-Efficient Understanding of Visual Content
112 - 125
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine
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With the recent renaissance of deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), encouraging breakthroughs have been achieved on the supervised recognition tasks, where each class has sufficient and fully annotated training data. However, to scale the recognition to a large number of classes with few or no training samples for each class remains an unsolved problem. One approach is to develop models capable of recognizing unseen categories without any training instances, or zero-shot recognition/learning. This article provides a comprehensive review of existing zero-shot recognition techniques covering various aspects ranging from representations of models, data sets, and evaluation settings. We also overview related recognition tasks including one-shot and open-set recognition, which can be used as natural extensions of zero-shot recognition when a limited number of class samples become available or when zero-shot recognition is implemented in a real-world setting. We highlight the limitations of existing approaches and point out future research directions in this existing new research area.
AuthorsFu, Y; Xiang, T; Jiang, YG; Xue, X; Sigal, L; Gong, S
- College Publications