Angle Domain Signal Processing-Aided Channel Estimation for Indoor 60-GHz TDD/FDD Massive MIMO Systems
1948 - 1961
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
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This paper proposes a practical channel estimation for 60-GHz indoor systems with the massive uniform rectangular array at base station. Through antenna array theory, the parameters of each channel path can be decomposed into the angular information and the channel gain information. We first prove that the true direction of arrivals of each uplink path can be extracted via an efficient array signal processing method. Then, the channel gain information could be obtained linearly with small amount of training resources, which significantly reduces the training overhead and the feedback cost. More importantly, the proposed scheme unifies the uplink/downlink channel estimations for both the time duplex division and frequency duplex division systems, making itself particularly suitable for protocol design. Compared with the existing channel estimation algorithms, the newly proposed one does not require any knowledge of channel statistics and can be efficiently deployed by the 2-D fast Fourier transform. Meanwhile, the number of user terminals simultaneously served can be increased from a sophisticatedly designed angle division multiple access scheme. Simulation results are provided to corroborate the proposed studies.
AuthorsFan, D; Gao, F; Wang, G; Zhong, Z; Nallanathan, A
- College Publications