A sphingolipid-dependent diffusion barrier confines ER stress to the yeast mother cell.
e01883 - ?
MetadataShow full item record
In many cell types, lateral diffusion barriers compartmentalize the plasma membrane and, at least in budding yeast, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, the molecular nature of these barriers, their mode of action and their cellular functions are unclear. Here, we show that misfolded proteins of the ER remain confined into the mother compartment of budding yeast cells. Confinement required the formation of a lateral diffusion barrier in the form of a distinct domain of the ER-membrane at the bud neck, in a septin-, Bud1 GTPase- and sphingolipid-dependent manner. The sphingolipids, but not Bud1, also contributed to barrier formation in the outer membrane of the dividing nucleus. Barrier-dependent confinement of ER stress into the mother cell promoted aging. Together, our data clarify the physical nature of lateral diffusion barriers in the ER and establish the role of such barriers in the asymmetric segregation of proteotoxic misfolded proteins during cell division and aging.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01883.001.
AuthorsClay, L; Caudron, F; Denoth-Lippuner, A; Boettcher, B; Buvelot Frei, S; Snapp, EL; Barral, Y
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rowling, PJ; Sivertsson, EM; Perez-Riba, A; Main, ER; Itzhaki, LS (2015-10)Studying protein folding and protein design in globular proteins presents significant challenges because of the two related features, topological complexity and co-operativity. In contrast, tandem-repeat proteins have ...
Arbeloa, A; Garnett, J; Lillington, J; Bulgin, RR; Berger, CN; Lea, SM; Matthews, S; Frankel, G (2009-12)We investigated how the type III secretion system WxxxE effectors EspM2 of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, which triggers stress fibre formation, and SifA of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, which is involved ...
Gold, VAM; Whitehouse, S; Robson, A; Collinson, I (2013-02-01)The motor ATPase SecA drives protein secretion through the bacterial Sec complex. The PPXD (pre-protein cross-linking domain) of the enzyme has been observed in different positions, effectively opening and closing a clamp ...