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Role of salt intake in prevention of cardiovascular disease: controversies and challenges.
Strong evidence indicates that reduction of salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The WHO has set a global target of reducing the population salt intake from the current ...
Cross-sectional surveys of the amount of sugar, energy and caffeine in sugar-sweetened drinks marketed and consumed as energy drinks in the UK between 2015 and 2017: monitoring reformulation progress.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the sugar, energy and caffeine content of sugar-sweetened drinks marketed and consumed as energy drinks available in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a cross-sectional survey in 2015 and 2017 ...
The association between serum sodium concentration, hypertension and primary cardiovascular events: a retrospective cohort study.
The mechanisms underlying the adverse cardiovascular effects of increased salt intake are incompletely understood, but parallel increases in serum sodium concentration may be of importance. The aim of this retrospective ...
Serum sodium concentration and the progression of established chronic kidney disease.
BACKGROUND: Higher serum sodium concentration has been reported to be a risk factor for the development of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), but its relationship with the progression of established CKD has not been ...