Magnetism in Multiferroics and Low Dimensional Metal-Organic Complexes
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Multiferroics and magnetic metal-organic complexes are candidates for sophisticated applications in the future. In thisthesis, the magnetism in BiFeO3 (a multiferroic material with an incommensurate spin cycloidal structure), copper guanidiniam formate (a multiferroic metal-organic complex with a one-dimensional magnetic structure) and CP -RE-COT (a series of \zero-dimensional" single molecule magnets) are discussed. A radio-frequency plasma sputtering thin lm deposition system and a ferroelectric characterisation system were developed for the study of BiFeO3 epitaxial thin lms. A large leakage current was observed in BiFeO3 thin lms, which hindered the investigations on the ferroelectric properties and magnetoelectric coupling in them. An evidence of the spin cycloid in a BiFeO3 thin lm was observed by grazing-incidence small angle neutron scattering. The magnetism of a multiferroic metal-organic complex with a one-dimensional magnetic chain, [C(NH2)3][Cu(HCOO)3], was studied by magnetometry and muon spin spectroscopy. A spin-canted antiferromagnetic order and critical phenomenon in this material were investigated. It was shown that this material possessed an 3D Heisenberg long-range order below 4.6K. The one-dimensional magnetic chain was also studied by muon spin spectroscopy. The correlation length was measured with a eld dependence of H��1. Magnetisation relaxations of a series of single molecule magnets CP -RE-COT (COT = C8H8- CP = C5Me, which show \zero-dimensional" magnetism, were studied using an AC magnetometer and muon spin spectroscopy. Three possible relaxation pathways, including a quantum tunnelling process and two Orbach relaxation processes, were suggested by the relaxation behaviour. The suppression of the quantum tunnelling effect resulting from the entanglement of the ground states, which probably arises from the exchange interactions in CP -RE-COT, was also observed with a 1000 Oe applied magnetic eld. Data that were consistent with long-range magnetic ordering was observed in CP -Dy-COT, which would be the fi rst ever report of long-range magnetic order in a single ion magnet.
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