Full and fast calibration of the Heston stochastic volatility model
European Journal of Operational Research
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This paper presents an algorithm for a complete and e cient calibration of the Heston stochastic volatility model. We express the calibration as a nonlinear least-squares problem. We exploit a suitable representation of the Heston characteristic function and modify it to avoid discontinuities caused by branch switchings of complex functions. Using this representation, we obtain the analytical gradient of the price of a vanilla option with respect to the model parameters, which is the key element of all variants of the objective function. The interdependency between the components of the gradient enables an e cient implementation which is around ten times faster than a numerical gradient. We choose the Levenberg-Marquardt method to calibrate the model and do not observe multiple local minima reported in previous research. Two-dimensional sections show that the objective function is shaped as a narrow valley with a flat bottom. Our method is the fastest calibration of the Heston model developed so far and meets the speed requirement of practical trading.
AuthorsCui, Y; Del Bano Rollin, S; Germano, G
- College Publications