Design of a Wideband Antenna with Stable Omnidirectional Radiation Pattern Using the Theory of Characteristic Modes
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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
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Abstract: In this communication, the design procedure of a wideband antenna with omnidirectional radiation pattern is demonstrated based on the theory of characteristic modes. Consisting of a dipole and a loop antenna, the antenna has a very simple structure. A wide impedance bandwidth is obtained because of the simultaneous excitation of the antenna’s first two modes. Meanwhile, due to the fact that these two modes share a similar omnidirectional radiation pattern, a stable radiation pattern is also achieved across the operating frequency band. In order to identify the antenna’s different modes, a characteristic mode analysis of the antenna is carried out first. Then, a feed configuration is specifically designed to excite the desired modes. To validate the antenna design, a prototype was fabricated and tested. Measured results agree well with the simulated ones. Measurement shows that a wide impedance bandwidth of 44.2% with |S11|<-10 dB (1.85-2.9 GHz) and stable radiation patterns at both E-plane and H-plane were achieved over the operating frequency band.
AuthorsWen, D; Hao, Y; Wang, H; Zhou, H
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