A Wideband Differentially Fed Dual-Polarized Antenna with Stable Radiation Pattern for Base Stations
2248 - 2255
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A new wideband differentially fed dual-polarized antenna with stable radiation pattern for base stations is proposed and studied. A cross-shaped feeding structure is specially designed to fit the differentially fed scheme and four parasitic loop elements are employed to achieve a wide impedance bandwidth. A stable antenna gain and a stable radiation pattern are realized by using a rectangular cavity-shaped reflector instead of a planar one. A detailed parametric study was performed to optimize the antenna's performances. After that, a prototype was fabricated and tested. Measured results show that the antenna achieves a wide impedance bandwidth of 52% with differential standing-wave ratio <1.5 from 1.7 to 2.9 GHz and a high differential port-to-port isolation of better than 26.3 dB within the operating frequency bandwidth. A stable antenna gain (≈8 dBi) and a stable radiation pattern with 3-dB beamwidth of 65° ±5° were also found over the operating frequencies. Moreover, the proposed antenna can be easily built by using printed circuit board fabrication technique due to its compact and planar structure.