Exploring synonyms as context in zero-shot action recognition
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© 2016 IEEE.Zero shot learning (ZSL) provides a solution to recognising unseen classes without class labelled data for model learning. Most ZSL methods aim to learn a mapping from a visual feature space to a semantic embedding space, e.g. attribute or word vector spaces. The use of word vector space is particularly attractive as compared to attribute, it offers vast auxiliary classes with free parts embedding without human annotation. However, using the word vector embedding often provides weaker discriminative power than manually labelled attributes of the auxiliary classes. This is compounded further in zero-shot action recognition due to richer content variations among action classes. In this work we propose to explore a broader semantic contextual information in the text domain to enrich the word vector representation of action classes. We show through extensive experiments that this method improves significantly the performance of a number of existing word vector embedding ZSL methods. Moreover, it also outperforms attribute embedding ZSL with human annotation.