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dc.contributor.authorvan Kempen, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Kamp, Ien_US
dc.contributor.authorLebret, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorLammers, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorEmmen, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorStansfeld, Sen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-02T12:47:16Z
dc.date.available2010-06-01en_US
dc.date.issued2010-06-01en_US
dc.date.submitted2016-09-26T12:06:16.561Z
dc.identifier.other10.1186/1476-069X-9-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/16234
dc.descriptionThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Due to shortcomings in the design, no source-specific exposure-effect relations are as yet available describing the effects of noise on children's cognitive performance. This paper reports on a study investigating the effects of aircraft and road traffic noise exposure on the cognitive performance of primary schoolchildren in both the home and the school setting. METHODS: Participants were 553 children (age 9-11 years) attending 24 primary schools around Schiphol Amsterdam Airport. Cognitive performance was measured by the Neurobehavioral Evaluation System (NES), and a set of paper-and-pencil tests. Multilevel regression analyses were applied to estimate the association between noise exposure and cognitive performance, accounting for demographic and school related confounders. RESULTS: Effects of school noise exposure were observed in the more difficult parts of the Switching Attention Test (SAT): children attending schools with higher road or aircraft noise levels made significantly more errors. The correlational pattern and factor structure of the data indicate that the coherence between the neurobehavioral tests and paper-and-pencil tests is high. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this study and previous scientific literature it can be concluded that performance on simple tasks is less susceptible to the effects of noise than performance on more complex tasks.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding was provided by the European Community (QLRT-2000-00197), the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in the UK, the Dutch Ministry of Spatial Planning, Housing and the Environment, the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sports, and the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management.en_US
dc.format.extent25 - ?en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnviron Healthen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0),
dc.subjectAttentionen_US
dc.subjectChilden_US
dc.subjectCognitionen_US
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studiesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Exposureen_US
dc.subjectFemaleen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectMaleen_US
dc.subjectNeuropsychological Testsen_US
dc.subjectNoise, Transportationen_US
dc.subjectReaction Timeen_US
dc.subjectRegression Analysisen_US
dc.titleNeurobehavioral effects of transportation noise in primary schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study.en_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holder© van Kempen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1476-069X-9-25en_US
pubs.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20515466en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry/Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry/Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine/Psychiatry
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/REF
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/REF/Ref - UoA 02
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
pubs.volume9en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2010-06-01en_US


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