Forensic analysis of spanish 2015 and 2016 national elections
In this paper we present a forensic analysis of the vote counts of spanish national elections that took place in December 2015 and their sequel in June 2016. Vote counts are extracted at the level of municipalities, yielding an unusually high resolution dataset with over 8000 samples. We address the frequencies of the first and second significant digits in vote counts and explore the conformance of these distributions at three different levels of aggregation to Benford's law for each of the main political parties. The results and interpretations are mixed and vary across different levels of aggregation, finding a general good quantitative agreement at the national scale for both municipalities and precincts but finding systematic nonconformance at the level of individual precincts. We further explore the co-occurring statistics of voteshare and turnout, finding a mild tendency in the clusters of the conservative party to smear out towards the area of high turnout and voteshare, what has been previously interpreted as a possible sign of incremental fraud. In every case results are qualitatively similar between 2015 and 2016 elections.
AuthorsFernández-Gracia, J; Lacasa, L
- Applied Mathematics