Endo180 modulation by bisphosphonates and diagnostic accuracy in metastatic breast cancer.
163 - 169
Br J Cancer
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BACKGROUND: Endo180 (CD280; MRC2; uPARAP)-dependent collagen remodelling is dysregulated in primary tumours and bone metastasis. Here, we confirm the release and diagnostic accuracy of soluble Endo180 for diagnosing metastasis in breast cancer (BCa). METHODS: Endo180 was quantified in BCa cell conditioned medium and plasma from BCa patients stratified according to disease status and bisphosphonate treatment (n=88). All P-values are from two-sided tests. RESULTS: Endo180 is released by ectodomain shedding from the surface of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 BCa cell lines. Plasma Endo180 was significantly higher in recurrent/metastatic (1.71±0.87; n=59) vs early/localised (0.92±0.37; n=29) BCa (P<0.0001). True/false-positive rates for metastasis classification were: 85%/50% for the reference standard, CA 15-3 antigen (28 U ml(-1)); ≤97%/≥36% for Endo180; and ≤97%/≥32% for CA 15-3 antigen+Endo180. Bisphosphonate treatment was associated with reduced Endo180 levels in BCa patients with bone metastasis (P=0.011; n=42). True/false-positive rates in bisphosphonate-naive patients (n=57) were: 68%/45% for CA 15-3 antigen; ≤95%/≥20% for Endo180; and ≤92%/≥21% for CA 15-3 antigen+Endo180. CONCLUSION: Endo180 is a potential marker modulated by bisphosphonates in metastatic BCa.
AuthorsPalmieri, C; Caley, MP; Purshouse, K; Fonseca, A-V; Rodriguez-Teja, M; Kogianni, G; Woodley, L; Odendaal, J; Elliott, K; Waxman, J; Sturge, J
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