Open care - Rodewisch Theses - Psychiatry-Enquete: Comparison of three reform approaches
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AIM: The three most important German approaches for reforming psychiatric care in the 20th century--i.e. "open care" in the Weimer Republic in the 20ies, the "Rodewisch Theses" published in the GDR 1963, and the "Psychiatry-Enquete" in the Federal Republic in 1975--were compared using seven criteria. METHODS: Psychiatric and general medical journals were systematically searched for articles on aims and objectives of mental health care. RESULTS: All three approaches promoted stronger community based care. None of them suggested an "empowerment" as it is understood today. Differences between them concerned equal care for mentally and physically ill patients, international relations, and economic arguments. Comparisons on other criteria, e.g. the relationship with university psychiatry, yield a less clear picture. CONCLUSIONS: All three ideas for reforms have been successful--to a limited and different extent. They resemble each other in essential principles, but there are also substantial differences.
AuthorsSchmiedebach, HP; Beddies, T; Schulz, J; Priebe, S
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