|dc.identifier.citation||Hough, J. 2014. Modelling Incremental Self-Repair Processing in Dialogue. Queen Mary University of London.||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||Self-repairs, where speakers repeat themselves, reformulate or restart what they are saying, are
pervasive in human dialogue. These phenomena provide a window into real-time human language
processing. For explanatory adequacy, a model of dialogue must include mechanisms that
account for them. Artificial dialogue agents also need this capability for more natural interaction
with human users. This thesis investigates the structure of self-repair and its function in the
incremental construction of meaning in interaction.
A corpus study shows how the range of self-repairs seen in dialogue cannot be accounted for
by looking at surface form alone. More particularly it analyses a string-alignment approach and
shows how it is insufficient, provides requirements for a suitable model of incremental context
and an ontology of self-repair function.
An information-theoretic model is developed which addresses these issues along with a system
that automatically detects self-repairs and edit terms on transcripts incrementally with minimal
latency, achieving state-of-the-art results. Additionally it is shown to have practical use in
the psychiatric domain.
The thesis goes on to present a dialogue model to interpret and generate repaired utterances
incrementally. When processing repaired rather than fluent utterances, it achieves the same
degree of incremental interpretation and incremental representation. Practical implementation
methods are presented for an existing dialogue system.
Finally, a more pragmatically oriented approach is presented to model self-repairs in a psycholinguistically
plausible way. This is achieved through extending the dialogue model to include
a probabilistic semantic framework to perform incremental inference in a reference resolution
The thesis concludes that at least as fine-grained a model of context as word-by-word is required
for realistic models of self-repair, and context must include linguistic action sequences
and information update effects. The way dialogue participants process self-repairs to make inferences
in real time, rather than filter out their disfluency effects, has been modelled formally and
in practical systems.||en_US
|dc.description.sponsorship||Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Doctoral Training Account (DTA) scholarship from the School of Electronic Engineering and
Computer Science at Queen Mary University of London.||en_US
|dc.publisher||Queen Mary University of London||en_US
|dc.title||Modelling Incremental Self-Repair Processing in Dialogue.||en_US
|dc.rights.holder||The copyright of this thesis rests with the author and no quotation from it or information derived from it may be published without the prior written consent of the author||