Threshold Setting Algorithms for Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks
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As the demand for wireless communication services grows quickly, spectrum scarcity has been on the rise sharply. In this context, cognitive radio (CR) is being viewed as a new intelligent technology to solve the deficiency of fixed spectrum assignment policy in wireless communications. Spectrum sensing is one of the most fundamental technologies to realise dynamic spectrum access in cognitive radio networks. It requires high accuracy as well as low complexity. In this thesis, a novel adaptive threshold setting algorithm is proposed to optimise the trade-off between detection and false alarm probability in spectrum sensing while satisfying sensing targets set by the IEEE 802.22 standard. The adaptive threshold setting algorithm is further applied to minimise the error decision probability with varying primary users' spectrum utilisations. A closed-form expression for the error decision probability, satisfied SNR value, number of samples and primary users' spectrum utilisation ratio are derived in both fixed and the proposed adaptive threshold setting algorithms. By implementing both Welch and wavelet based energy detectors, the adaptive threshold setting algorithm demonstrates a more reliable and robust sensing result for both primary users (PUs) and secondary users (SUs) in comparison with the conventional fixed one. Furthermore, the wavelet de-noising method is applied to improve the sensing performance when there is insu cient number of samples. Finally, a novel database assisted spectrum sensing algorithm is proposed for a secondary access of the TV White Space (TVWS) spectrum. The proposed database assisted sensing algorithm is based on the developed database assisted approach for detecting incumbents like Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) and Programme Making and Special Events (PMSE), but assisted by spectrum sensing to further improve the protection to primary users. Monte-Carlo simulations show a higher SUs' spectrum efficiency can be obtained for the proposed database assisted sensing algorithm than the existing stand-alone database assisted or sensing models.
- Theses