Joint Spatial and Spectrum Cooperation in Wireless Network.
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The sky-rocketing growth of multimedia infotainment applications and broadband-hungry mobile devices exacerbate the stringent demand for ultra high data rate and more spectrum resources. Along with it, the unbalanced temporal and geographical variations of spectrum usage further inspires those spectral-efficient networks, namely, cognitive radio and heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs). This thesis focuses on the system design and performance enhancement of cognitive radio (CR) and HCNs. Three different aspects of performance improvement are considered, including link reliability of cognitive radio networks (CNs), security enhancement of CNs, and energy efficiency improvement of CNs and HCNs. First, generalized selection combining (GSC) is proposed as an effective receiver design for interference reduction and reliability improvement of CNs with outdated CSI. A uni- ed way for deriving the distribution of received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is developed in underlay spectrum sharing networks subject to interference from the primary trans- mitter (PU-Tx) to the secondary receiver (SU-Rx), maximum transmit power constraint at the secondary transmitter (SU-Tx), and peak interference power constraint at the PU receiver (PU-Rx), is developed. Second, transmit antenna selection with receive generalized selection combining (TAS/GSC) in multi-antenna relay-aided communica- tion is introduced in CNs under Rayleigh fading and Nakagami-m fading. Based on newly derived complex statistical properties of channel power gain of TAS/GSC, exact ergodic capacity and high SNR ergodic capacity are derived over Nakagami-m fading. Third, beamforming and arti cial noise generation (BF&AN) is introduced as a robust scheme to enhance the secure transmission of large-scale spectrum sharing networks with multiple randomly located eavesdroppers (Eves) modeled as homogeneous Poisson Point Process (PPP). Stochastic geometry is applied to model and analyze the impact of i BF&AN on this complex network. Optimal power allocation factor for BF&AN which maximizes the average secrecy rate is further studied under the outage probability con- straint of primary network. Fourth, a new wireless energy harvesting protocol is proposed for underlay cognitive relay networks with the energy-constrained SU-Txs. Exact and asymptotic outage probability, delay-sensitive throughput, and delay-tolerant through- put are derived to explore the tradeoff between the energy harvested from the PU-Txs and the interference caused by the PU-Txs. Fifth, a harvest-then-transmit protocol is proposed in K-tier HCNs with randomly located multiple-antenna base stations (BSs) and single antenna mobile terminals (MTs) modeled as homogeneous PPP. The average received power at MT, the uplink (UL) outage probability, and the UL average ergodic rate are derived to demonstrate the intrinsic relationship between the energy harvested from BSs in the downlink (DL) and the MT performance in the UL. Throughout the thesis, it is shown that link reliability, secrecy performance, and energy efficiency of CNs and HCNs can be signi cantly leveraged by taking advantage of multiple antennas, relays, and wireless energy harvesting.
- Theses