Integration of TV White Space and Femtocell Networks.
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Femtocell is an effective approach to increase system capacity in cellular networks. Since traditional Femtocells use the same frequency band as the cellular network, cross-tier and co-tier interference exist in such Femtocell networks and have a major impact on deteriorating the system throughput. In order to tackle these challenges, interference mitigation has drawn attentions from both academia and industry. TV White Space (TVWS) is a newly opened portion of spectrum, which comes from the spare spectrum created by the transition from analogue TV to digital TV. It can be utilized by using cognitive radio technology according to the policies from telecommunications regulators. This thesis considers using locally available TVWS to reduce the interference in Femtocell networks. The objective of this research is to mitigate the downlink cross-tier and co-tier interference in different Femtocell deployment scenarios, and increase the throughput of the overall system. A Geo-location database model to obtain locally available TVWS information in UK is developed in this research. The database is designed using power control method to calculate available TVWS channels and maximum allowable transmit power based on digital TV transmitter information in UK and regulations on unlicensed use of TVWS. The proposed database model is firstly combined with a grid-based resource allocation scheme and investigated in a simplified Femtocell network to demonstrate the gains of using TVWS in Femtocell networks. Furthermore, two Femtocell deployment scenarios are studied in this research. In the suburban Femtocell deployment scenario, a novel system architecture that consists of the Geo-location database and a resource allocation scheme using TVWS is proposed to mitigate cross-tier interference between Macrocell and Femtocells. In the dense Femtocell deployment scenario, a power efficient resource allocation scheme is proposed to maximize the throughput of Femtocells while limiting the co-tier interference among Femtocells. The optimization problem in the power efficient scheme is solved by using sequential quadratic programming method. The simulation results show that the proposed schemes can effectively mitigate the interference in Femtocell networks in practical deployment scenarios.
- Theses