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dc.contributor.authorMittal, Gayatri Arvind
dc.identifier.citationMittal, G.A. 2012. Development of a latent IL-17 antagonist for targeted therapy of rheumatoid arthritis. Queen Mary University of London.en_US
dc.description.abstractCytokine based therapies can be targeted to the sites of active inflammation by modifying a given cytokine as a LAP-cytokine. IL-17A has been shown to directly contribute to pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). IL-17F, another member of the IL-17 cytokines family shares structural homology, receptor binding and biological properties with IL-17A but is 30-100 times less potent than IL-17A. (H161R) IL-17F mutant, a natural variant of IL-17F was shown to be protective against asthma in Japanese population. In vitro, IL-17F mutant competitively inhibited wild-type IL-17F and lacked the ability to activate downstream signaling pathways. I hypothesized that (H161R) IL-17F mutant is an additional inhibitor of IL-17A and if modified as LAP-IL-17F mutant, would be an effective targeted therapy for RA. (H161R) IL-17F mutant was created by substituting nucleotide A at position 485 in the wild type IL-17F by G. In vitro assays showed that the IL-17F mutant could bind to IL-17RC but lacked the ability to stimulate IL-6 secretion in HFFF2, 3T3 and HeLa cells and phosphorylate ERK1/2 in HeLa cells. IL-17F mutant also inhibited IL-17A induced secretion of IL-6 in all these cell lines. In order to assess in vivo therapeutic efficacy of LAP-IL-17F mutant in collagen induced arthritis mice, three mouse analogues of human IL-17F mutant were developed. Of these, (Q158R) IL-17F mutant displayed IL-17 agonistic properties, (H157R) IL-17F mutant could not be expressed in vitro and the truncated IL-17F mutant could not bind to mouse IL-17RC. Investigation of in vivo expression and pharmacokinetics of intravenous hydrodynamically delivered human full-length and LAP-IL-17 plasmid DNAs in naïve SCID and C57BL/6 mice showed that human IL-17 transgene expression was detectable in mouse serum at 48 hours post-delivery. The transgene expression however declined rapidly over the next two weeks. The local expression of transgene in C57BL/6 airpouch lavage fluid was less than 5% of its systemic levels. Taken together, the findings of the study warrant an investigation of in vivo therapeutic efficacy of human (H161F) IL-17F mutant in a suitable preclinical RA model, such as RA synovium/SCID mice.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipBarts and The London Charity; Arthritis Research UKen_US
dc.publisherQueen Mary University of Londonen_US
dc.titleDevelopment of a latent IL-17 antagonist for targeted therapy of rheumatoid arthritis.en_US
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this thesis rests with the author and no quotation from it or information derived from it may be published without the prior written consent of the author

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