Analysis of Nonlinear Behaviors, Design and Control of Sigma Delta Modulators
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Sigma delta modulators (SDMs) have been widely applied in analogue-to-digital (A/D) conversion for many years. SDMs are becoming more and more popular in power electronic circuits because it can be viewed and applied as oversampled A/D converters with low resolution quantizers. The basic structure of an SDM under analytical investigation consists of a loop filter and a low bit quantizer connected by a negative feedback loop. Although there are numerous advantages of SDMs over other A/D converters, the application of SDMs is limited by the unboundedness of the system states and their nonlinear behaviors. It was found that complex dynamical behaviors exist in low bit SDMs, and for a bandpass SDM, the state space dynamics can be represented by elliptic fractal patterns confined within two trapezoidal regions. In all, there are three types of nonlinear behaviors, namely fixed point, limit cycle and chaotic behaviors. Related to the unboundedness issue, divergent behavior of system states is also a commonly discovered phenomenon. Consequently, how to design and control the SDM so that the system states are bounded and the unwanted nonlinear behaviors are avoided is a hot research topic worthy of investigated. In our investigation, we perform analysis on such complex behaviors and determine a control strategy to maintain the boundedness of the system states and avoid the occurrence of limit cycle behavior. For the design problem, we impose constraints based on the performance of an SDM and determine an optimal design for the SDM. The results are significantly better than the existing approaches.
AuthorsHo, Charlotte Y. F.
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