Ant genomics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): challenges to overcome and opportunities to seize
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Myrmecologists have long studied the systematics, b ehavior, ecology, and evolution of ants. This first involved funda- mental approaches including morphological descripti on or behavioral observation, perhaps with the help of microscopes or marking ants with paint or wire. Many discoverie s over the past 20 years have been accomplished wit h the help of more molecular approaches including allozymes, micr osatellites, and chemical analyses, and more recent ly microarrays. The recent 10,000-fold drop in the cost of DNA sequ encing has created new possibilities for myrmecolog ical research. At least ten ant genomes have now been sequenced, w ith more on the way. Here, we aim to provide an int roduction to genomics to the curious myrmecologist. For this, we discuss the genomics analyses possible without a f ull genome se- quence, the motivations, approach and outcomes of a genome-sequencing project, and provide starting po ints for myr- mecologists interested in using genomics data and a pproaches.
AuthorsWURM, Y; Nygaard, S
- College Publications