Event Detection and Modelling for Security Application
This thesis focuses on the design and implementation of a novel security domain surveillance system framework that incorporates multimodal information sources to assist the task of event detection from video and social media sources. The comprehensive framework consists of four modules including Data Source, Content Extraction, Parsing and Semantic Knowledge. The security domain ontology conceptual model is proposed for event representation and tailored in conformity with elementary aspects of event description. The adaptation of DOLCE foundational ontology promotes flexibility for heterogeneous ontologies to interoperate. The proposed mapping method using eXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT) stylesheet approach is presented to allow ontology enrichment and instance population to be executed efficiently. The dataset for visual semantic analysis utilizes video footage of 2011 London Riots obtained from Scotland Yard. The concepts person, face, police, car, fire, running, kicking and throwing are chosen to be analysed. The visual semantic analysis results demonstrate successful persons, actions and events detection in the video footage of riot events. For social semantic analysis, a collection of tweets from twitter channels that was actively reporting during the 2011 London Riots was compiled to create a Twitter corpus. The annotated data are mapped in the ontology based on six concepts: token, location, organization, sentence, verb, and noun. Several keywords related to the event that has been presented in the visual and social media sources are chosen to examine the correlation between both sources and to draw supplementary information regarding the event. The chosen keywords describe actions running, throwing, and kicking; activity attack, smash and loot; event fire; and location Hackney and Croydon. An experiment in respect to concept-noun relations are also been executed. The ontology-based visual and social media analysis yields a promising result in analysing long content surveillance videos and lengthy text corpus of social media user-generated content. Adopting ontology-based approach, the proposed novel security domain surveillance system framework enables a large amount of visual and social media data to be analysed systematically and automatically, and promotes a better method for event detection and understanding.
- Theses