Advanced heterogeneous video transcoding
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Video transcoding is an essential tool to promote inter-operability between different video communication systems. This thesis presents two novel video transcoders, both operating on bitstreams of the cur- rent H.264/AVC standard. The first transcoder converts H.264/AVC bitstreams to a Wavelet Scalable Video Codec (W-SVC), while the second targets the emerging High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC). Scalable Video Coding (SVC) enables low complexity adaptation of compressed video, providing an efficient solution for content delivery through heterogeneous networks. The transcoder proposed here aims at exploiting the advantages offered by SVC technology when dealing with conventional coders and legacy video, efficiently reusing information found in the H.264/AVC bitstream to achieve a high rate-distortion performance at a low complexity cost. Its main features include new mode mapping algorithms that exploit the W-SVC larger macroblock sizes, and a new state-of-the-art motion vector composition algorithm that is able to tackle different coding configurations in the H.264/AVC bitstream, including IPP or IBBP with multiple reference frames. The emerging video coding standard, HEVC, is currently approaching the final stage of development prior to standardization. This thesis proposes and evaluates several transcoding algorithms for the HEVC codec. In particular, a transcoder based on a new method that is capable of complexity scalability, trading off rate-distortion performance for complexity reduction, is proposed. Furthermore, other transcoding solutions are explored, based on a novel content-based modeling approach, in which the transcoder adapts its parameters based on the contents of the sequence being encoded. Finally, the application of this research is not constrained to these transcoders, as many of the techniques developed aim to contribute to advance the research on this field, and have the potential to be incorporated in different video transcoding architectures.
AuthorsPeixoto Fernandes da Silva, Eduardo
- Theses