Joint Sub-Nyquist Spectrum Sensing Scheme with Geolocation Database over TV White Space
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
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To maximise spectrum access opportunities for white space devices, incorporating real-time spectrum sensing with geolocation database is a promising approach to enhance detection resolution with reduced computation complexity. Advanced spectrum sensing techniques are needed to quickly and accurately identify spectrum occupancy over a wide frequency range. However, the stringent requirements from wideband signal acquisition and processing pose a major implementation challenge in compact devices with limited energy storage and computation capabilities. In this paper, a hybrid scheme of sub-Nyquist wideband spectrum sensing with geolocation database is proposed to achieve accurate detection of the surrounding spectrum with reduced number of required measurements and computation complexity. Two iterative algorithms are modified to incorporate a priori information from geolocation database, therefore enabling spectrum sensing to be performed only on a limited number of potentially vacant channels over TV White Space. Theoretical analyses and simulation results show that the proposed joint scheme speeds up the sensing process with enhanced detection performance and smaller required sampling rate, while the updated channel information from wideband spectrum sensing reduces the risk of interferences to the dynamic incumbent users.