Dendritic cell phenotype in severe asthma reflects clinical responsiveness to glucocorticoids.
13 - 22
Clin Exp Allergy
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BACKGROUND: Subsets of patients with severe asthma remain symptomatic despite prolonged, high-dose glucocorticoid therapy. We hypothesized that the clinical glucocorticoid sensitivity of these asthmatics is reflected in differences in peripheral blood dendritic cell subsets. OBJECTIVE: To compare peripheral blood leucocyte populations using flow cytometry at baseline and after 2 weeks of systemic glucocorticoid (steroid) treatment to identify immunological differences between steroid-sensitive (SS) and steroid-resistant (SR) asthmatics. METHODS: Adult severe asthmatics (SS n = 12; SR n = 23) were assessed for their response to 2 weeks of therapy with oral prednisolone. Peripheral blood was obtained before and after therapy and stained for lymphocyte (CD3, CD19, CD4, CD8 and Foxp3) and dendritic cell markers (Lineage negative [CD3, CD14, CD16, CD19, CD20, CD56], HLA-DR+, CD304, CD11c, ILT3 and CD86). RESULTS: A higher median frequency of myeloid DCs (mDCs) but not plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) was observed in the blood of SR as compared to SS asthmatics (P = .03). Glucocorticoid therapy significantly increased median B cell, but not T cell numbers in both cohorts, with a trend for increased numbers of Foxp3+ Tregs in SS (P = .07), but not SR subjects. Oral prednisolone therapy significantly reduced the median numbers and frequencies of total DCs and pDCs in both SS and SR asthmatics. Interestingly, the expression of HLA-DR and ILT3 was also reduced on pDCs in all patients. In contrast, therapy increased the median frequency of mDCs in SS, but reduced it in SR asthmatics. CONCLUSIONS: Myeloid DC frequency is elevated in SR compared with SS asthmatics, and mDC shows a differential response to oral prednisolone therapy.
AuthorsChambers, ES; Nanzer, AM; Pfeffer, PE; Richards, DF; Martineau, AR; Griffiths, CJ; Corrigan, CJ; Hawrylowicz, CM
- Population Health