Now showing items 1-10 of 15
Individual differences in causal learning and decision making
In judgment and decision making tasks, people tend to neglect the overall frequency of base-rates when they estimate the probability of an event; this is known as the base-rate fallacy. In causal learning, despite people ...
Seeing is as Good as Doing
Given the privileged status claimed for active learning in a variety of domains (visuomotor learning, causal induction, problem solving, education, skill learning), the present study examines whether action-based learning ...
Spontaneous causal learning while controlling a dynamic system
(Bentham Science, 2010)
When dealing with a dynamic causal system people may employ a variety of different strategies. One of these strategies is causal learning, that is, learning about the causal structure and parameters of the system acted ...
Patients with Parkinson’s disease learn to control complex systems via procedural as well as non-procedural learning
The striatum is considered tomediate some forms of procedural learning. Complex dynamic control (CDC) tasks involve an individual having to make a series of sequential decisions to achieve a specific outcome (e.g. learning ...
Development of intuitive rules: Evaluating the application of the dual-system framework to understanding children’s intuitive reasoning
Theories of adult reasoning propose that reasoning consists of two functionally distinct systems that operate under entirely different mechanisms. This theoretical framework has been used to account for a wide range of ...
The Bitter Truth About Sugar and Willpower: The Limited Evidential Value of the Glucose Model of Ego Depletion.
The idea behind ego depletion is that willpower draws on a limited mental resource, so that engaging in an act of self-control impairs self-control in subsequent tasks. To present ego depletion as more than a convenient ...
Looking to score: the dissociation of goal influence on eye movement and meta-attentional allocation in a complex dynamic natural scene.
Several studies have reported that task instructions influence eye-movement behavior during static image observation. In contrast, during dynamic scene observation we show that while the specificity of the goal of a task ...
Prediction and control in a dynamic environment.
The present study compared the accuracy of cue-outcome knowledge gained during prediction-based and control-based learning in stable and unstable dynamic environments. Participants either learnt to make cue-interventions ...
The role of reward in dynamic decision making.
The present study investigates two aspects of decision making that have yet to be explored within a dynamic environment, (1) comparing the accuracy of cue-outcome knowledge under conditions in which knowledge acquisition ...