Sensitization, energy transfer and infra-red emission decay modulation in Yb(3+)-doped NaYF4 nanoparticles with visible light through a perfluoroanthraquinone chromophore.
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Infra-red emission (980 nm) of sub 10 nm Yb(3+)-doped NaYF4 nanoparticles has been sensitized through the excitation of 2-hydroxyperfluoroanthraquinone chromophore (1,2,3,4,5,6,7-heptafluro-8-hydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione) functionalizing the nanoparticle surface. The sensitization is achieved with a broad range of visible light excitation (400-600 nm). The overall near infra-red (NIR) emission intensity of Yb(3+) ions is increased by a factor 300 as a result of the broad and strong absorption of the chromophore compared with ytterbium's intrinsic absorption. Besides the Yb(3+) NIR emission, the hybrid composite shows organic chromophore-based visible emission in the orange-red region of the spectrum. We observe the energy migration process from the sensitized Yb(3+) ions at the surface to those in the core of the particle using time-resolved optical spectroscopy. This highlights that the local environments for emitting Yb(3+) ions at the surface and center of the nanoparticle are not identical, which causes important differences in the NIR emission dynamics. Based on the understanding of these processes, we suggest a simple strategy to control and modulate the decay time of the functionalized Yb(3+)-doped nanoparticles over a relatively large range by changing physical or chemical parameters in this model system.
AuthorsLu, H; Peng, Y; Ye, H; Cui, X; Hu, J; Gu, H; Khlobystov, AN; Green, MA; Blower, PJ; Wyatt, PB; Gillin, WP; Hernández, I
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