Comparative study of cytotoxicity of ferromagnetic nanoparticles and magnetitecontaining polyelectrolyte microcapsules
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© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.The cytotoxicity of magnetite nanoparticles (MNP) stabilized with citrate acidand polyelectrolyte multilayer microcapsules containing these particles in the shell is analyzed. Microcapsules were prepared by co-precipitation of iron (II) and (III) chlorides. Polyelectrolyte microcapsules synthesized by the layer-by-layer method from biodegradable polymers polyarginine and dextran sulfate. Cytotoxicity of the synthesized objects was studied on the L929 cells culture and human leucocytes. It was also investigated the phagocytic activity of leukocytes for the MNP and magnetite containing polyelectrolyte microcapsules (MCPM). A set of tests (MTT assay, neutral red uptake assay, lactate dehydrogenase release assay) was used to study the cytotoxicity in vitro. All the tests have shown that the magnetic nanoparticles have a greater cytotoxicity in comparison with microcapsules containing an equivalent amount of magnetite. In contrast to the mouse fibroblast culture, human leukocytes were more resistant to the toxic effects of magnetite. At the concentrations used in our studies no significant reduction in the viability of leukocytes has been registered. Both MNP and MCPM undergo phagocytosis, however, the phagocytic activity of leukocytes for these particles was lower than for the standard objects (latex microparticles).
AuthorsMinaeva, OV; Brodovskaya, EP; Pyataev, MA; Gerasimov, MV; Zharkov, MN; Yurlov, IA; Kulikov, OA; Kotlyarov, AA; Balykova, LA; Kokorev, AV; Zaborovskiy, AV; Pyataev, NA; Sukhorukov, GB
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