The Use of Topical Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for Uveitic Cystoid Macular Edema.
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Ocul Immunol Inflamm
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The use of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the management of uveitic cystoid macular edema is controversial. In this letter, we review the literature and report our results from a retrospective case series of 281 patients taking topical nepafenac 0.1% for uveitic cystoid macular edema between 2010 and 2016. Over a 4-month period, there was a modest improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (0.66 ± 3.7 logMAR) and central macular thickness (69.8 ± 132.5 μm). Patients with idiopathic anterior uveitis and HLA-B*27-associated anterior uveitis recovered more vision while taking topical nepafenac 0.1%, than those with other uveitides, however, this was not statistically significant. There is a need for controlled prospective studies to evaluate the efficacy of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the management of uveitic cystoid macular edema. At present, clinicians have little evidence on which to base practice.