|dc.description.abstract||The thesis documents the censorship histories of Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom
Sawyer and Richmal Crompton's William books under Franco, and analyses these
censorship histories in terms of the changing character of the regime. Previously
unconsulted primary sources are used, such as censors' reports and translation proofs
held in the Archivo General de la Administración del Estado at Alcalá de Henares.
The censors' reports demonstrate that children's literature and translated literature were
treated as special cases by the regime, and that censorship was particularly harsh in
both areas. These findings demonstrate the crucial importance of attitudes to childhood
and foreignness in the Francoist ideological scheme.
The censorship histories of Tom Sawyer and the William books reveal some
surprising facts. The William books began to be persecuted by the censors in late
1942, precisely the moment when the regime was seeking a rapprochement with the
Allied powers as the course of the War turned in the latter's favour. This prohibition
cannot be understood without exploring the factors which differentiate children's
literature from adult literature in the context of Francoism. The books' peculiarly
English character also had a vital bearing on how they were censored.
The history of Tom Sawyer in Spain demonstrates the effect of literary status
on censorship practice. Early in the regime, the censors generally considered Tom
Sawyer to be a work for adults. From the mid-1950s, however, children's literature was
inscribed as a special category in censorship legislation, and the censors began to view
editions of the work as specifically intended for children. Tom Sawyer thus
encountered censorship problems in the later years of the regime, supposedly more
liberal than the earlier period. Again, these problems would be inexplicable without
examining the evolution of the publishing industry and Francoist attitudes to literature
and the child.
The thesis also provides a detailed analysis of the type of suppressions imposed
on the books studied, under the following headings: religion; love, sexuality and
gender; authority and politics, nation and race; crime, terror and violence.||en_US