How Many Slaps is equivalent to One Punch? New Approaches to Assessing the Relative Severity of Violent Acts Psychology of Violence
Objective: The study assesses the extent to which responses to different judgment tasks align consistently to reveal underlying rank orderings of violent acts by their level of severity. Methods: There were four studies (total N = 540, adult sample). Participants were presented with a variety of tasks: i.e. Ranking task: Report your ranking of violent acts from least to most violent; Trade-off task: report how many of less violent acts is equivalent to one more violent act?; Compensation task: report the financial compensation needed that would exactly compensate you for being a victim of a violent act. For these tasks they were required to consider 3 violent acts (Study 1), and 8 violent acts (Study 2, Study 3, Study 4). Results: The similarity in the rank ordering of violent acts by severity in each study was relatively high in each study (77-92%). In Study 4 the average compensation request (USD) for a spit ($8,929); slap ($9,876); kick ($10,499); punch ($10,354); head-butt ($19,636); threaten with a knife ($11,631); choke ($118,119); stab ($125,596). A meta-analysis conducted across studies (2-4) also revealed that there was general agreement in the way in which violent acts were ordered by severity (p < .0005); from least to most severe: spit, slap, kick, punch, head-butt, threaten with a knife, choke, and stab. Conclusion: People generally agree on their ranking of violent acts according to their severity, and from this it is possible to develop ranking systems that are sensitive to people's judgments of the level of violence of various acts.
AuthorsOSMAN, M; Pupic, D; Baigent, N
- Psychology