Characterisation of the In-vivo Terahertz Communication Channel within the Human Body Tissues for Future Nano-Communication Networks.
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Body centric communication has been extensively studied in the past for a range of frequencies, however the need to reduce the size of the devices makes nano-scale technologies attractive for future applications. This opens up opportunities of applying nano-devices made of the novel materials, like carbon nano tubes (CNT), graphene and etc., which operate at THz frequencies and probably inside human bodies. With a brief introduction of nano-communications and review of the state of the art, three main contributions have been demonstrated in this thesis to characterise nano-scale body-centric communication at THz band: • A novel channel model has been studied. The path loss values obtained from the simulation have been compared with an analytical model in order to verify the feasibility of the numerical analysis. On the basis of the path loss model and noise model, the channel capacity is also investigated. • A 3-D stratified skin model is built to investigate the wave propagation from the under-skin to skin surface and the influence of the rough interface between different skin layers is investigated by introducing two detailed skin models with different interfaces (i.e.,3-D sine function and 3-D sinc function). In addition, the effects of the inclusion of the sweat duct is also analysed and the results show great potential of the THz waves on sensing and communicating. • Since the data of dielectric properties for biological materials at THz band are quite scarce, in collaboration with the Blizard Institute, London, UK, different human tissues such as skin, blood, muscle and etc. are planned to be measured with the THz Time Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) system at Queen Mary University of London to enrich the database of electromagnetic parameters at the band of interest. In this chapter, collagen, the main constitution of skin was i mainly studied. Meanwhile, the measured results are compared with the simulated ones with a good agreement. Finally, a plan for further research activities is presented, aiming at widening and deepening the present understanding of the THz body-centric nano-communication channel, thus providing a complete characterisation useful for the design of reliable and efficient body centric nano-networks. ii
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