Real-time Content Identification for Events and Sub-Events from Microblogs.
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In an age when people are predisposed to report real-world events through their social media accounts, many researchers value the advantages of mining such unstructured and informal data from social media. Compared with the traditional news media, online social media services, such as Twitter, can provide more comprehensive and timely information about real-world events. Existing Twitter event monitoring systems analyse partial event data and are unable to report the underlying stories or sub-events in realtime. To ll this gap, this research focuses on the automatic identi cation of content for events and sub-events through the analysis of Twitter streams in real-time. To full the need of real-time content identification for events and sub-events, this research First proposes a novel adaptive crawling model that retrieves extra event content from the Twitter Streaming API. The proposed model analyses the characteristics of hashtags and tweets collected from live Twitter streams to automate the expansion of subsequent queries. By investigating the characteristics of Twitter hashtags, this research then proposes three Keyword Adaptation Algorithms (KwAAs) which are based on the term frequency (TF-KwAA), the tra c pattern (TP-KwAA), and the text content of associated tweets (CS-KwAA) of the emerging hashtags. Based on the comparison between traditional keyword crawling and adaptive crawling with di erent KwAAs, this thesis demonstrates that the KwAAs retrieve extra event content about sub-events in real-time for both planned and unplanned events. To examine the usefulness of extra event content for the event monitoring system, a Twitter event monitoring solution is proposed. This \Detection of Sub-events by Twit- ter Real-time Monitoring (DSTReaM)" framework concurrently runs multiple instances of a statistical-based event detection algorithm over different stream components. By evaluating the detection performance using detection accuracy and event entropy, this research demonstrates that better event detection can be achieved with a broader coverage of event content.
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