Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial.
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BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms of schizophrenia have a severe impact on functional outcomes and treatment options are limited. Arts therapies are currently recommended but more evidence is required. AIMS: To assess body psychotherapy as a treatment for negative symptoms compared with an active control (trial registration: ISRCTN84216587). METHOD: Schizophrenia out-patients were randomised into a 20-session body psychotherapy or Pilates group. The primary outcome was negative symptoms at end of treatment. Secondary outcomes included psychopathology, functional, social and treatment satisfaction outcomes at treatment end and 6-months later. RESULTS: In total, 275 participants were randomised. The adjusted difference in negative symptoms was 0.03 (95% CI -1.11 to 1.17), indicating no benefit from body psychotherapy. Small improvements in expressive deficits and movement disorder symptoms were detected in favour of body psychotherapy. No other outcomes were significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Body psychotherapy does not have a clinically relevant beneficial effect in the treatment of patients with negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
AuthorsPriebe, S; Savill, M; Wykes, T; Bentall, RP; Reininghaus, U; Lauber, C; Bremner, S; Eldridge, S; Röhricht, F
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