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dc.contributor.authorGuo, X
dc.contributor.authorGong, Q
dc.contributor.authorBorowiec, J
dc.contributor.authorZhang, S
dc.contributor.authorHan, S
dc.contributor.authorZhang, M
dc.contributor.authorWillis, M
dc.contributor.authorKreouzis, T
dc.contributor.authorYu, K
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-03T10:05:36Z
dc.date.available2019-09-03T10:05:36Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-19
dc.identifier.citationGuo, Xiaoqing et al. "Energetics Of Non-Radiative Surface Trap States In Nanoparticles Monitored By Time Of Flight Photoconduction Measurements On Nanoparticle-Polymer Blends". ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2019. American Chemical Society (ACS), doi:10.1021/acsami.9b07852. Accessed 3 Sept 2019.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/59478
dc.description.abstractNanoparticles (NPs) have had increasingly successful applications including in emissive or photovoltaic devices; however, trap states associated with the surface of NPs often drastically reduce the efficiency of devices and are difficult to detect spectroscopically. We show the applicability of photoconduction as means of detecting and quantifying trap states in NPs. We performed Time of Flight (ToF) photoconduction measurements, using semiconducting poly[bis(4-phenyl)(4-butyphenyl)amine] (P-TPD) doped with either core/shell CdSeS/CdS quantum dots (QDs) or perovskite CsPbBr3 NPs, both of which are carefully designed to be energetically matched. In the case of the QDs, a drop in hole mobility from ~10-3 to ~10-4 cm2V-1s-1 was observed when compared to a control sample, suggesting the presence of hole trapping. These trap states were found to be around -5.0 to -4.9 eV from the vacuum level. The presence of the trap states was further supported by a coincident reduction in photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) and lifetime of the core/shell QDs after purification. Using the measured reductions in the PL QY and lifetime, the surface trap state density was estimated to increase by between 20 and 40%, most likely due to ligand detachment. In the case of the perovskite NP doped samples, a mobility of ~10-3 cm2V-1s-1 was measured. Thus, doping with perovskite NPs did not generate any obvious hole trapping from the P-TPD matrix. The absence of trapping may be related to the reduced surface-to-volume ratio and NP number density of the perovskite NPs compared to the core/shell QDs, since the perovskite NPs are approximately 10 times larger in radius than that of the core/shell QDs. Our results suggest that to minimize the presence of trap states with a view to improving device performance, large-size perovskite NPs appear to be better than small-size QDs.en_US
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofACS Appl Mater Interfaces
dc.rightsThis is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in ACS Appl Mater Interfaces following peer review. The version of record is available https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b07852
dc.titleEnergetics of Non-Radiative Surface Trap States in Nanoparticles Monitored by Time of Flight Photoconduction Measurements on Nanoparticle-Polymer Blends.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acsami.9b07852
pubs.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31423778en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectDefault projecten_US
rioxxterms.funder.projecteea3a0cf-7193-42f5-a8db-415e0e874d28en_US


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