The effect of furcation involvement on tooth loss in a population without regular periodontal therapy.
J Clin Periodontol
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AIM: We aimed to assess the association between furcation involvement (FI) and tooth loss for subjects not undergoing regular periodontal treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 2333 subjects participating in the baseline and 11-year follow-up of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were used. All subjects had half-mouth periodontal examinations, including FI in one upper and one lower molar, at baseline. A total of 1897 subjects and 3267 molars were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: In total, 375 subjects (19.8%) lost molars during the follow-up period. Respectively, 5.6%, 12.7%, 34.0% and 55.6% of molars without FI, degree I FI, degree II FI and degree III FI were lost. Initial probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were associated with molar loss (p < .001). Baseline degree I FI was associated with a 1.73 IRR (incidence rate ratio) (95% CI=1.34-2.23, p < .001) of tooth loss while degree II-III was associated with a 3.88 IRR (95% CI=2.94-5.11, p < .001) of tooth loss compared to molars without FI at baseline. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence for an increased risk of molar loss affected by periodontal furcation involvement in a general population not undergoing regular periodontal care.