Experimental hydrophilic vinyl polysiloxane (VPS) impression materials incorporating a novel surfactant compared with commercial VPS.
e301 - e309
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OBJECTIVES: To formulate experimental hydrophilic (Exp) VPS impression materials incorporating a novel surfactant (Rhodasurf CET-2), and to compare their contact angles (CAs) with commercial materials, before/after disinfection. METHODS: CAs were measured immediately after setting and after disinfection (1% NaOCl; 30min and 24h), together with their change whilst a droplet remained on the materials surface (over 10, 20, 30 60 and 120s), on three commercial (Aquasil Ultra-Monophase [Aq M], Elite HD-Monophase [Elt M], Extrude Medium-bodied [Extr M]) and four experimental (Exp I-IV) materials, using the Drop Shape Analysis 100 technique. The results were compared statistically. RESULTS: CAs of all experimental materials were within the range of those obtained for the commercial materials, with the exception of Exp-IV, which presented with the lowest CAs at the three time points. The control Exp-I was hydrophobic at all three time points (CAs ∼100+), as was Elite. Immediately after setting, Aq M had low CAs but these increased significantly after 30min of disinfection. After twenty four hours' disinfection CAs of all Exp/commercial VPS increased significantly compared to immediately after setting. The CAs of droplets left on the material (120s) decreased with time, even after disinfection, except for Exp-I. SIGNIFICANCE: The novel surfactant Rhodasurf CET-2 in Exp-III and IV, is an effective surfactant, retaining a low CA after disinfection, compared with Igepal CO-530 in Aq M. Disinfecting VPS impression materials for more than 30min increases their surface CAs, and therefore prolonged disinfection periods should be avoided.