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Longitudinal study of infectious intestinal disease in the UK (IID2 study): incidence in the community and presenting to general practice.
OBJECTIVES: To estimate, overall and by organism, the incidence of infectious intestinal disease (IID) in the community, presenting to general practice (GP) and reported to national surveillance. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Glycotoxin and autoantibodies are additive environmentally determined predictors of type 1 diabetes: a twin and population study.
In type 1 diabetes, diabetes-associated autoantibodies, including islet cell antibodies (ICAs), reflect adaptive immunity, while increased serum N(ε)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), an advanced glycation end product, is ...