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dc.contributor.authorCongdon, Pen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-04T11:11:22Z
dc.date.available2015-02-06en_US
dc.date.issued2015-01en_US
dc.identifier.other10.1016/j.sste.2015.02.002
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877584515000039
dc.identifier.urihttp://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/9310
dc.description.abstractThe attributable risk (AR) measures the contribution of a particular risk factor to a disease, and allows estimation of disease rates specific to that risk. While previous studies consider variability in ARs over demographic categories, this paper considers the extent of spatial variability in ARs estimated from multilevel data with confounders both at individual and geographic levels. A case study considers the AR for diabetes in relation to elevated BMI, and area rates for diabetes attributable to excess weight. Contextual adjustment includes known area variables, and unobserved spatially clustered influences, while spatial heterogeneity (effect modification) is considered in terms of varying effects of elevated BMI by neighbourhood deprivation category. The application is to patient register data in London, with clear evidence of spatial variation in ARs, and in small area diabetes rates attributable to excess weight.en_US
dc.format.extent39 - 52en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofSpat Spatiotemporal Epidemiolen_US
dc.subjectAttributable risken_US
dc.subjectBayesianen_US
dc.subjectDeprivationen_US
dc.subjectDiabetesen_US
dc.subjectObesityen_US
dc.subjectSpatialen_US
dc.subjectAdulten_US
dc.subjectAgeden_US
dc.subjectBayes Theoremen_US
dc.subjectBody Mass Indexen_US
dc.subjectDiabetes Mellitusen_US
dc.subjectFood Deprivationen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectLogistic Modelsen_US
dc.subjectMaleen_US
dc.subjectMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subjectObesityen_US
dc.subjectResidence Characteristicsen_US
dc.subjectRisk Factorsen_US
dc.subjectSpatial Analysisen_US
dc.titleSpatial variation in attributable risks.en_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holderhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2015.02.002
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.sste.2015.02.002en_US
pubs.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25779908en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.volume12en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-02-06en_US


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